Emily Blanchard

Associate Professor of Business Administration


Emily Blanchard is an Associate Professor at Tuck, Research Fellow with the Center for Economic Policy Research, and 2017 Dartmouth Public Voices Fellow.  Professor Blanchard's research centers on two key questions:  how do globalization and education interact to determine economic policy and the distribution of income within and across countries? And how do global supply chains and foreign investment change the role of trade agreements and the World Trade Organization?  Her work is published in leading academic journals, and she has been called on to provide research and analysis for the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, the Institute for Research on Public Policy, and other government and think tank venues.  

At Tuck, Blanchard teaches the core course Global Economics for Managers and a research to practice seminar on Firms and International Economic Policy.  In 2017, she co-lead a pilot experiental course on regional economic development in Mississippi.  Prior to joining the Tuck faculty, Blanchard was an assistant professor of economics at the University of Virginia, where she taught graduate micro theory and international trade. She graduated with honors from Wellesley College and holds MSc. and Ph.D. degrees in Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Recent Highlights

Global Value Chains and Trade Policy  //

Together with co-authors Chad Bown and Robert Johnson, Blanchard develops a new technique for understanding and measuring the effect of global production fragmentation on trade policy. Applying their framework to sector-level panel data for 20 years and 14 major economies, they find that global value chain trade has reduced tariff barriers both by increasing the use of bilateral trade preferences and by discouraging the use of temporary trade barriers (e.g. anti-dumping duties), especially against China.    Read the working paper here. 

Renegotiating NAFTA  //

As part of a collaboration by leading economists to understand the explain potential changes in economic policy under the Trump administration, Blanchard points out that "while Nafta may have done little to boost or harm overall growth and prosperity on the continent, it has had a powerful role in redefining how and where products are made”.  This essay describes how cross-border supply chains complicate the distribution of losses and gains from trade and suggests that abandoning NAFTA could cause costly disruptions to the North American economy -- not least for American firms and workers. 

Carry-Along Trade  //

New data reveal that the overwhelming majority of manufacturing firms export products that they do not produce.  This paper explores firms' make-or-source decisions, and suggests an important potential role for "demand complementarity," an idea based on the possibility that firms could increase demand for core products by also offering complementary, ancillary products for sale. Download the PDF

Export Composition Drives Educational Attainment  //

In a recent article, Blanchard and coauthor Will Olney demonstrate that what a country exports is an important driver of long run aggregate educational attainment. Tracking 102 countries over 45 years, they find that increasing a country's exports of skill-intensive manufactured goods caused educational attainment to rise over time compared to other countries, while expanding exports of agriculture or basic manufacturing caused a relative decline in a country's educational attainment. Their findings suggest that some types of exports may be better than others for boosting economic growth.  Read more here. 

Trade, Education, and the Shrinking Middle Class  //

Blanchard and co-author Gerald Willmann develop a new framework to understand how educational institutions shape comparative trade and the distribution of human capital within and across countries. Their work suggests that the hollowing out of the middle class may stem in part from differences in the relative cost of educational attainment across countries, and recommends education funding over trade protection as a means to bolster the middle class.  Download the PDF

Private Labels and Exporting: Trading Variety for Volume  //

Major international retailers and market intermediaries help exporters reach more consumers abroad, but "private label" brands can reduce the variety of goods available in the marketplace.  A recent article by Blanchard, Chesnokova, and Willmann finds that firms and consumers tradeoff variety -- and firms' independent brand equity --  for volume, while private label  brands may allow international retailers to capture much of the returns from trade.   






  • PhD, MSc. Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • AB, Wellesley College

Academic Coordinator

Rick Rielly