Emily Blanchard

Associate Professor of Business Administration


Emily Blanchard is an Associate Professor at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College, a Research Fellow with the Center for Economic Policy Research, and a member of the CES Ifo Research Network.  Starting January 2022, she will be on academic leave to serve as Chief Economist of the US Department of State, after which she plans to return to Tuck.

Professor Blanchard's research lies at the intersection of international economics and public policy.  She has written extensively on how foreign investment and global value chains are changing the role of trade agreements in the 21st century, and how globalization and education shape political outcomes and the distribution of income within and across countries.  Her research is published in leading journals, including the Review of Economic Studies, Journal of International Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, and the World Trade Review.   She has partnered with leading institutions including the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, the UN, and the IMF, to bring research to practice; she currently serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of International Economics, Review of World Economics, Economics and Politics, and the World Trade Review; and she is former Chair and a Founding Board member for the national non-partisan, non-profit National Economic Education Delegation.

An award-winning teacher, Blanchard offers the core course Global Economics for Managers, a research to practice seminar on firms and international economic policy, and the elective course Cooperation and Competition in the 21st century Global Economy.  She has co-led experiential courses on regional economic development in Mississippi and economic and political change in Vietnam.  Prior to joining the Tuck faculty, she served as an assistant professor of economics at the University of Virginia. She graduated with honors in Economics from Wellesley College and earned MSc. and Ph.D. degrees in Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Recent Highlights

[UPDATED!] Global Value Chains and Trade Policy  //

Blanchard, Bown, and Johnson develop a new technique for understanding and measuring the effect of global production fragmentation on trade policy. Applying their framework to sector-level panel data for 20 years and 14 major economies, they find that global value chain trade has reduced tariff barriers both by increasing the use of bilateral trade preferences and by discouraging the use of temporary trade barriers, especially against China.    Read the working paper here. 

Education and Health As Industrial Policy  //

Invited opinion piece in the 2020 WTO World Trade Report

Trade Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Graduating LDCs  //

Blanchard and Olney Review recent data to better understand the implications of COVID-19 for the current and future trade prospects in 14 Graduating LDCs.  (Read the report prepared for the WTO under the Auspices of the EIF-WTO Project on LDC Graduation.)

[UPDATED, forthcoming] Unequal Gains, Prolonged Pain: A Model of Protectionist Overshooting and Escalation  //

Blanchard and Willmann develop a new framework for understanding how democracies respond to unanticipated changes in technology or the global economy.  Their work shows that populist surges of support for nationalist economic policies, like tariff protection, are a predictable response to major disruptions in local labor markets.    They present data on key data markers and find patterns consistent with recent electoral support for Brexit and Trump.  Read the working paper here

Did Trump's Trade War Impact the 2018 Election?  //

Blanchard, Bown, and Chor find that Republican candidates lost support in the 2018 congressional election in counties more exposed to trade retaliation, but saw no commensurate electoral gains associated with greater US tariff protection. Republicans' electoral losses appear to be driven by retaliatory tariffs on agricultural products, and were only partially mitigated by the US agricultural subsidies announced in summer 2018. Republicans also fared worse in counties that had seen recent gains in health insurance coverage, affirming the importance of health care as an election issue. A counterfactual calculation suggests that the trade war (respectively, health care) can account for five (eight) of Republicans’ lost House seats. Read the paper here, or a short VOX EU summary here







  • PhD, MSc. Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • AB, Wellesley College

Academic Coordinator

Rick Rielly