Emily Blanchard

Associate Professor of Business Administration


Emily Blanchard is a leading expert on international economic policy, associate professor at Dartmouth’s Tuck School of Business, research fellow with the Center for Economic Policy Research, and a member of the CES-Ifo research network. She served as Chief Economist of the U.S. Department of State from January 2022 - November 2023.

Professor Blanchard's research lies at the intersection of international economics and public policy.  Her work explores how foreign investment and global value chains are changing the role of trade and international economic cooperation in the 21st century, and how globalization and education shape policy outcomes and the distribution of income within and across countries.  Blanchard’s research is widely published in leading academic journals, and she has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of International Economics, Review of World Economics, Economics and Politics, and the World Trade Review.  Beyond academia, she has partnered with leading national and international institutions to bring research to practice.  She is also former Chair and a Founding Board member for the national non-partisan, non-profit National Economic Education Delegation.

An award-winning teacher, Blanchard offers the core course Global Economics for Managers, a research to practice seminar on firms and international economic policy, and the elective course Cooperation and Competition in the 21st century Global Economy.  She has co-led experiential courses on regional economic development in Mississippi and economic and political change in Vietnam.  Prior to joining the Tuck faculty, she served as an assistant professor of economics at the University of Virginia. She graduated with honors in economics from Wellesley College and earned MSc. and Ph.D. degrees in economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Recent Highlights

[Updated December 2023] Global Value Chains and Trade Policy  //

Blanchard, Bown, and Johnson develop a new technique for understanding and measuring the effect of global production fragmentation on trade policy. Applying their framework to sector-level panel data for 20 years and 14 major economies, they find that global value chain trade has reduced tariff barriers both by increasing the use of bilateral trade preferences and by discouraging the use of temporary trade barriers, especially against China.    Read the working paper here. 

[Updated January 2024] Did Trump's Trade War Impact the 2018 Election?  //

Blanchard, Bown, and Chor find that Republican candidates lost support in the 2018 congressional election in counties more exposed to trade retaliation, but saw no commensurate electoral gains associated with greater US tariff protection. Republicans' electoral losses appear to be driven by retaliatory tariffs on agricultural products, and were only partially mitigated by the US agricultural subsidies announced in summer 2018. Republicans also fared worse in counties that had seen recent gains in health insurance coverage and with greater SALT deductions, affirming the importance of health care and state and local taxes (SALT) as key election issues. A counterfactual calculation suggests that Republicans would have lost ten fewer House seats absent the trade war, in a similar range to the electoral consequences of either health care or SALT policies. Read the paper here, or a short VOX EU summary here

Policy Imperatives and New Frontiers in International Economic Research  //

Wrting from a policymaker's vantage point in 2022, Blanchard identifies new research frontiers in international economics, increasing empahsis on investment protections and screening mechanisms, intellectual property rights, child labour, migration, and environmental standards. With governments increasingly focuse on how, where, and with whom economic value is created, economists need to do more to mapping and monitor global supply networks, estimate firms’ agility to respond to shocks, , and to measure the social and environmental value-added content in trade. Advances along these dimensions will complement new conceptual approaches to the design of optimal policies. Policymakers will benefit substantially from careful, evidence-based research along these lines when tackling the problems of the 21st century.  Read more here

Education and Health As Industrial Policy  //

Invited opinion piece in the 2020 WTO World Trade Report

Trade Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Graduating LDCs  //

Blanchard and Olney Review recent data to better understand the implications of COVID-19 for the current and future trade prospects in 14 Graduating LDCs.  (Read the report prepared for the WTO under the Auspices of the EIF-WTO Project on LDC Graduation.)







  • PhD, MSc. Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • AB with honors in economics, Wellesley College

Academic Coordinator

Rick Rielly